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Harmful effects of orthodontics: between aesthetic improvement and health impact

Harmful effects of orthodontics
Harmful effects of orthodontics

Harmful effects of orthodontics: Orthodontic operations are considered one of the common solutions to improve the appearance of the smile and correct the functional balance of the jaws, but behind this aesthetic goal may lie some health risks and problems that can arise as a result of this procedure and in this article, we will closely explore the harms of orthodontics and their impact on mouth and teeth's health.

We will discuss the potential negative effects of orthodontics on your gums, teeth, and jaws, focusing on points to consider before deciding to have braces and we will also provide tips on how to avoid some of these problems and maintain your oral health during and after the orthodontic procedure.

What are the harms of orthodontics?

To achieve a perfect smile, braces are a popular and effective solution that many people enjoy and correcting the position of the teeth contributes to improving the appearance of the smile and increasing the self-confidence of the individual, as a harmonious smile has a positive effect on beauty and social interaction.

On the other hand, orthodontics is sometimes accompanied by some negative effects that may affect the patient's experience and the presence of wires and braces can be a hindrance to oral hygiene, increasing the possibility of cavities and gum infections and in addition, the patient may experience pain and swelling in the teeth and gums in the first period after placing the orthodontic device.

Scratches and ulcers in the mouth

The most prominent harms of orthodontics are the scratches and ulcers that may occur in the mouth as a result of the natural movements of the orthodontic wires and pieces, so when these movements occur, they may irritate the tissues surrounding the teeth, sometimes resulting in scratches and ulcers on the gums and inside the mouth, as these scratches and sores can be painful and increase the possibility of gum infections and cavities if not treated properly.

To mitigate these side effects, patients should carefully follow their dentist's instructions, take regular preventative oral care measures, including using soothing mouth rinses and applying orthodontic wax to reduce friction, and avoiding sharp foods and beverages that may further irritate the tissue.

Gum infections

Gum disease is a common negative effect of orthodontics, as the presence of orthodontic wires and pieces can cause more plaque and tartar to accumulate around the teeth than usual and this accumulation results in an increased possibility of gum infections and gingival erosion, which may later develop into more serious problems such as continuous bleeding, receding gums, and destruction of the bone surrounding the teeth.

In addition, it may be difficult to clean teeth well with wires and orthodontic pieces, which increases the possibility of bacteria, tartar, and plaque accumulation, thus increasing the risk of gum disease and to reduce this problem, the patient should carefully follow the dentist’s instructions regarding daily oral care, including brushing carefully and using medical floss to remove waste between the teeth, in addition to using antibacterial rinses to maintain healthy gums and teeth.

Dental nerve damage

Orthodontics may affect the dental nerve directly or indirectly, leading to some negative effects and this can include increased tooth sensitivity and premature tooth wear, as well as the possibility of nerve and root infections as a result of excessive pressure on the teeth, as the patient must also consult regularly with the dentist to monitor the health of the teeth and nerves and take the necessary measures to maintain oral and dental health during the period of orthodontic treatment.


Among the harms of orthodontics is the increased possibility of tooth decay in several ways, as proper dental cleaning is often difficult when there are wires and braces, which increases the buildup of stains, tartar, and plaque between the teeth and this accumulation may lead to increased bacterial growth and acid formation, which enhances the erosion of the outer enamel layer of the teeth and increases the possibility of cavities.

Furthermore, braces may cause a change in the distribution of pressure on the teeth, making some areas more susceptible to wear than others and this wear may open the door to stains and cavities.

Weakness of the enamel layer

Orthodontics plays an important role in maintaining dental hygiene and preventing limescale accumulation and erosion of the tooth enamel layer, as lime buildup is usually accompanied by an inability to clean teeth well due to the presence of orthodontic wires and pieces, which leads to the accumulation of stains and tartar between the teeth.

Changing the natural distribution of teeth and pressure from orthodontic wires and pieces may increase the possibility of tooth enamel erosion. In the long term, this wear can weaken the teeth's natural protection and increase the likelihood of cavities and tooth damage.

Miracle's tips for avoiding orthodontic damage

Doctors at Miracle Clinic advise their patients who have braces with a set of tips in addition to periodic follow-up to prevent complications during the treatment period and the most prominent of these tips are:

For good oral hygiene: The person wearing braces must adhere to good oral hygiene, by brushing the teeth carefully with a soft toothbrush after every meal and using dental floss and mouthwash regularly.

Healthy Nutrition: Sticky, sticky and sugary foods that can cause plaque buildup and tooth erosion should be avoided and instead, you should focus on eating healthy foods such as fruits, vegetables, and calcium-rich foods.

Regular visits to the dentist: A person wearing braces should visit the dentist regularly to detect any potential problems and clean the teeth deeply to avoid plaque and tartar buildup.

Adherence to the treating physician’s instructions: The patient must fully adhere to the treating dentist’s instructions, including avoiding eating hard and sticky foods that may expose the braces to harm.

Using aids: Auxiliary aids, such as rinsing the mouth with warm water and oral soothing agents recommended by the doctor, can be used to relieve inflammation and irritation.

Good teeth wetness: A person should wet the teeth after every meal to remove food residue and maintain oral hygiene.

 Here we have reached the conclusion of our article in which we talked about the harms of orthodontics and how these harms can be avoided with a set of advice from Miracle Clinic doctors.

Miracle Clinic in Turkey is pleased to provide distinguished medical services in several fields, including aesthetic, cosmetic and medical and the center offers a wide range of cosmetic dental procedures, including Hollywood smile procedures, dental implants, veneer application, as well as laser teeth whitening techniques and the Miracle Clinic Center also provides treatment services for obesity problems and stomach Botox, in addition to hair transplantation operations using the latest technologies and the center is characterized by the patient's well-being and integrated care, as the patient is accompanied from the moment of his arrival in Turkey from the airport until his hotel stay, while providing the best health services and free medical consultations for patients.

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