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How do different factors affect gum recession and ways to prevent it?

Gum recession is a common health problem that affects the mouth and teeth. It is a condition in which the gums recede from the surface of the teeth, exposing the roots of the teeth and making them vulnerable to tooth decay and sensitivity, as there are many causes of receding gums, some of which are related to incorrect daily habits, such as brushing teeth forcefully or using an inappropriate toothbrush, and some are related to gum disease resulting from the accumulation of bacteria and dental plaque, as genetic factors and hormonal changes can also play a role in exacerbating this problem and in this article, we will review in detail the factors affecting receding gums, and provide effective prevention and treatment tips to maintain healthy gums and teeth.



انحسار اللثة
انحسار اللثة


Definition of the phenomenon of gum recession

Gum recession is the process of receding gum tissue surrounding the tooth, exposing more of the tooth or its roots and this recession leads to the formation of spaces between the tooth and the gums, which facilitates the accumulation of bacteria in them and causes infections, as if gum recession is not treated, the tissue and bone surrounding the tooth may become severely damaged, which may eventually lead to tooth loss.

Gum recession usually occurs gradually, during which the patient experiences tooth sensitivity, and may notice that the teeth appear longer than usual and when symptoms of receding gums appear, it is necessary to visit a doctor to obtain appropriate treatment.



Causes of receding gums

Gum disease may result in the loss of gum tissue and bone supporting the teeth, causing the gums to recede, as these diseases are caused by some types of bacteria that lead to inflammation of the gums, which may cause them to recede over time and there are several factors that increase the risk of gum disease, such as weak gum tissue, which contributes to the formation of plaque and thus inflammation of the gums, which ultimately leads to their recession.

Lack of attention to dental hygiene, or cleaning them incorrectly, and not using dental floss or rinse mouth, lead to the accumulation of plaque and its transformation into hard calcifications called dental calculus, as this solid material forms between the teeth and causes gum recession, and it can only be removed by visiting a dentist.

The hormonal changes that occur in females during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause play a large role in making the gums more susceptible to gum recession.

The following physical factors cause damage to the gums, leading to their recession, such as piercing the tongue and lip and placing an earring in them, or exposure to injury to the mouth and teeth area, or bruxism, or even exposure to incorrect dental treatment, also, using dentures that are not suitable for the jaw may lead to recession. gums 

Smoking: Smokers are more likely to accumulate plaque on their teeth, which leads to receding gums.

Diabetes: Diabetes affects gum health and increases the risk of gum recession.

Age: 88% of people over the age of 65 have receding gums in at least one tooth.

Genetic factors: There is a genetic predisposition to gum recession, as studies have shown that 30% of people are susceptible to gum disease, regardless of how much they care about the health of their teeth.

Symptoms of receding gums 

Gum recession occurs gradually and the patient may not notice it in the early stages, but over time the following symptoms may appear:

Receding gums around the teeth

Bad breath

Swelling and redness of the gums

Feeling of a bad taste in the mouth

Loose teeth and possible loss

Feeling a change in the way you bite

Pain in the gums

Teeth sensitivity to cold or hot food

Bleeding in the gums


Treating receding gums 

 Receding gums can be treated without surgery by:


Monitoring the condition regularly: This includes removing calcifications and plaques from the surface of the teeth and roots in simple cases.

Orthodontics: This treatment relies on moving the teeth slowly and gradually to correct the position of the gum edges and keep them clean.

Using desensitizing materials: They are used to treat tooth root sensitivity and help maintain oral and dental health by increasing the patient’s ability to clean sensitive teeth.

Dental fillings: The dentist uses tooth-colored resin to cover the surface of the tooth roots and close the black spaces between them.

Pink composites or porcelain: This material resembles the pink color of the gums and can be placed in the spaces formed due to receding gums.

Removable gum veneers: They consist of acrylic or silicone, and replace the missing part of the gum.

Or receding gums can be treated with surgery as follows: 

Surgical intervention to clean the surfaces and roots of teeth from plaque and deposits: This involves folding the gum tissue and then removing harmful bacteria collected in pockets inside the gums, after that, the doctor returns the gums to their correct position to cover the roots of the teeth and this process is known as "Open flap scaling and root planing".

Gum grafting: This method is used to treat advanced cases of receding gums in which the patient loses a large amount of gum tissue, as a portion of gum is taken from elsewhere inside the mouth and implanted in the area where the recession has occurred and after the area heals, new gums can protect the exposed tooth roots and give the mouth a natural appearance.

At the conclusion of this article, it appears that receding gums is not just an aesthetic problem, but rather something that can significantly affect your oral health, and by becoming aware of the causes, signs and treatment options of receding gums, individuals can avoid the problems associated with this disease and maintain good oral health and therefore, everyone is encouraged to adopt healthy tooth and gum care habits, including good hygiene and regular visits to the dentist, as always remember that oral health is an integral part of overall health, and continuing to take care of it contributes to maintaining quality of life and overall wellness.


Miracle Clinic Center, located in Turkey, offers you:

Comprehensive cosmetic dental procedures including Hollywood smile, dental implants, veneers, and laser teeth whitening.

Various types of obesity surgeries and stomach botox performed by top experts.

Utilization of cutting-edge techniques for hair transplantation.

We accompany the patient from their arrival in Turkey from the airport until their hotel stay, providing them with the best services for a comfortable health retreat during their treatment.

For a free medical consultation, you can directly contact us via the phone number or WhatsApp button available on the website.


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