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Obesity and heart disease: detecting the risk and working towards prevention


Obesity and heart disease
Obesity and heart disease

 Obesity and heart disease and may increase the risk of death as a result of these diseases and in this article, we will be keen to learn about the effects of obesity on the heart and what diseases an individual may be exposed to.

The effects of obesity on the heart


Obesity is considered one of the main causes that increase the risk of heart disease, which is responsible for 27% of deaths annually, as the reason for this is that obesity leads to the following:


Hypertension


Hypertension

Obesity is directly related to high blood pressure (hypertension). Obesity is one of the main factors that increases the risk of high blood pressure, which can lead to serious health problems such as heart disease, stroke, and kidney disease.


Obesity affects high blood pressure in several ways, including:

 Increased vascular volume: Obesity causes an increase in the size of blood vessels as a result of an increase in the amount of fat stored in the body, and this leads to increased pressure on the blood vessels and high blood pressure.

Effect on hormones: Excess body fat can affect the production of hormones that control blood pressure, leading to disturbances in the hormonal system and increasing the possibility of high blood pressure.



Insulin resistance: Obesity may increase the body’s resistance to insulin, which is the hormone responsible for regulating blood sugar levels and this resistance increases the possibility of high blood pressure.


Therefore, maintaining a healthy weight and eliminating obesity is important for preventing high blood pressure and maintaining cardiovascular health.


High cholesterol

Obesity has a close relationship with high blood cholesterol levels, as Obesity leads to increased cholesterol production in the body and reduces the body's ability to remove excess cholesterol, as cholesterol is a type of fat that is produced in the liver and is used in many vital functions in the body, but it becomes a problem when its levels exceed the normal limit.

When cholesterol is high in the blood, it can deposit on the walls of the arteries and form fatty deposits known as fatty plaques and this eventually leads to narrowing and blockage of the arteries, which increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases such as heart attacks and strokes.


Therefore, maintaining a healthy weight and eliminating obesity are essential for controlling blood cholesterol levels and maintaining cardiovascular health, as other steps to control cholesterol include eating a healthy, balanced diet, exercising regularly, staying away from smoking, and limiting alcohol intake.


Having diabetes


Obesity has a close relationship with an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, as people with obesity have resistance to insulin, the hormone that helps regulate blood sugar levels and excess body fat, especially abdominal fat, disrupts the action of insulin, leading to high blood sugar levels.


Over time, this condition can develop into type 2 diabetes if not treated properly and the body becomes unable to effectively use insulin to move sugar from the blood into the cells for energy, leading to increased blood sugar levels

Type 2 diabetes can cause serious health problems such as cardiovascular disease, kidney disease, poor vision, nerve weakness, and even limb loss, so, controlling weight and maintaining a healthy weight is important to prevent type 2 diabetes, in addition to eating a healthy diet and getting regular exercise.



Obesity has a close relationship with an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, as people with obesity have resistance to insulin, the hormone that helps regulate blood sugar levels and excess body fat, especially abdominal fat, disrupts the action of insulin, leading to high blood sugar levels.


Over time, this condition can develop into type 2 diabetes if not treated properly and the body becomes unable to effectively use insulin to move sugar from the blood into the cells for energy, leading to increased blood sugar levels

Type 2 diabetes can cause serious health problems such as cardiovascular disease, kidney disease, poor vision, nerve weakness, and even limb loss, so, controlling weight and maintaining a healthy weight is important to prevent type 2 diabetes, in addition to eating a healthy diet and getting regular exercise.


Obesity is closely linked to the occurrence of sleep breathing disorders, such as sleep apnea, a condition characterized by a temporary cessation of breathing during sleep and this occurs as a result of a temporary blockage of the airway in the throat, and can be associated with low oxygen levels in the body.

Obesity leads to increased accumulation of fat in the throat and larynx area, which increases the possibility of airway obstructions during sleep and in addition, obesity can affect the muscles in the larynx and throat, increasing their tension and making them more susceptible to blockage during sleep.


Sleep apnea can cause sleep disturbances, daytime fatigue, headaches, high blood pressure, and even more serious health problems like heart disease and stroke.


Therefore, eliminating obesity and maintaining a healthy weight is important to prevent sleep apnea and its complications. It can also help improve sleep quality and reduce health problems associated with breathing disorders during sleep.



Obesity and the heart diseases it causes



Obesity is one of the main factors associated with an increased risk of heart disease, and may increase the risk of death as a result of these diseases and the most prominent of these diseases are:



Congestive heart

Obesity is an important risk factor for heart failure, as obesity is associated with increased stress on the heart and blood vessels, and can lead to the development of a range of conditions that negatively affect heart function.


Obesity increases the likelihood of developing cardiovascular diseases such as high blood pressure, heart attacks, coronary artery disease, heart inflammation, enlarged heart, and other health problems that affect the strength and efficiency of the heart muscle.


In addition, obesity is associated with an increased likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol levels, and liver enlargement, factors that increase the risk of heart health problems.


Therefore, maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, and eating a balanced diet are important to prevent heart failure and maintain cardiovascular health.

 

Obesity is significantly associated with an increased risk of stroke and a stroke is a medical emergency that occurs when blood flow to part of the brain stops, resulting in damage to brain tissue, as obesity plays an important role in increasing this risk for several reasons, including:


1. High blood pressure: Obesity increases the possibility of high blood pressure, which is considered an important factor in increasing the risk of stroke.

2. Increased cholesterol levels: Obesity may lead to increased levels of harmful cholesterol in the blood, which is another factor that can increase the possibility of stroke.


3. Diabetic disorders: Obesity increases the risk of diabetes, which in turn is associated with an increased risk of stroke, especially if blood sugar levels are not well monitored.


4. Vasculitis: Obesity may increase inflammation of blood vessels and damage to the arteries, which increases the possibility of blood clots that may cause stroke.


In addition, obesity also increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, which may increase the risk of stroke as well and therefore, it is necessary to take measures to maintain a healthy weight and practice a healthy lifestyle to prevent obesity and reduce the risk of stroke and other cardiovascular diseases.

 

Obesity and coronary heart disease

Obesity is a risk factor that increases the risk of coronary heart disease, also known as arterial heart disease and this disease occurs when vascular atherosclerosis forms in the coronary arteries that supply blood and oxygen to the heart muscle. Obesity plays a major role in increasing this risk for several reasons, including:


1. Increased blood pressure: Obesity is linked to high blood pressure, which is an important risk factor for the development of coronary heart disease.

2. Increased cholesterol levels: Obesity may lead to increased levels of harmful cholesterol in the blood, which is one of the factors that increases the possibility of fats and deposits forming inside the arteries, leading to their blockage and narrowing.


3. Insulin resistance: Obesity increases the body’s resistance to insulin, a hormone that helps the body use sugar effectively, which leads to increased blood sugar levels and increased risk of developing heart disease.


4. Inflammation: Obesity increases inflammation in the body, which may play a role in the development of coronary heart disease.


5. Poor sleep: Obesity can be associated with sleep apnea and exposing the heart to additional stress.



In addition, obesity may increase the risk of developing diabetes, which in turn is associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease and therefore, it is necessary to take steps to control weight and maintain a healthy lifestyle to prevent and reduce the risk of coronary heart disease.


Here we have reached the conclusion of our article in which we talked about the harmful effects of obesity on the heart, what symptoms it causes, and what diseases result from it.

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