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The most common gum diseases and how to prevent them

Gum disease is one of the most common health problems that affect the mouth and general health, and although it may seem like a simple problem, ignoring it may lead to serious problems in the future and in this article, we will explore the most common types of gum disease, learn about their causes and symptoms, as well as how to prevent and treat them. Follow us as we delve deeper together into this important topic to maintain good oral and dental health.




Types of gum disease

Gingivitis is the simplest type of gum disease, where the gums are swollen and red, and often bleed, as it can be dealt with and its progression stopped by following good oral and dental care habits.

Gingivitis and periodontitis (in English: Periodontitis) is an advanced gum disease that not only affects the gum tissue, but also spreads below the gum line and affects the teeth. It may lead to inflammation of the jawbone, leading to tooth loss and jawbone atrophy. Its symptoms include chronic bad breath, receding gums, and gum pockets that may contain pus as a result of infection.

Aggressive periodontitis is characterized by rapid progression of gingivitis, which involves the gums, teeth, and the ligaments surrounding the teeth that keep them in place. This rapid deterioration of the jaw condition leads to the risk of tooth loss.

Necrotizing periodontal disease usually occurs in people who suffer from severe systemic diseases such as malnutrition, immunosuppression, and acquired immunodeficiency disease, as this type of gum disease causes the death of the gum tissue and surrounding bone as a result of the lack of proper nutrition in the jaw area.



Symptoms of gum disease

Symptoms of gum disease appear in the form of several signs that may indicate the presence of a health problem in the mouth. These symptoms include:

  • Bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth all the time.

  • Redness and swelling of the gums.

  • Bleeding gums.

  • Feeling pain when touching the gums.

  • Feeling pain when chewing.

  • Teeth fall out of place.

  • Teeth sensitive to cold or hot food.

  • Receding and receding gum line from the teeth.

  • A change in the way teeth appear when they are clenched together.

  • Change in the usual denture size.



Methods of treating gum disease

There are two ways to get rid of gum disease: the surgical method and the non-surgical method. Let us start with the non-surgical method and its role in getting rid of gum problems:

The non-surgical way to get rid of gum problems

Professional teeth cleaning at the dentist’s office: Hardened plaque and tartar are removed from all areas surrounding and under the gums, with the aim of halting the progression of the disease and helping to control it, in ways that cannot be carried out at home with usual cleaning.

The process of deep cleaning the teeth by scaling and root planing: This is a non-surgical procedure performed by the doctor in the event that there are a lot of tartar deposits under the gums, and the patient may need anesthesia to complete this process.

Use medications to treat bacterial or fungal infections in the mouth, as directed by your doctor.

Use herbal preparations to relieve gingivitis and sterilize the mouth, based on appropriate medical recommendations.




Surgical method to get rid of gum problems

1. Gum lift surgery and reduction of gum pockets (in English: Flap surgery/pocket reduction surgery).

2. Bone graft procedures.

3. Grafting tissue surrounding the teeth to improve gingival coverage (in English: Soft tissue grafts).

4. Guided tissue regeneration surgery to promote the growth of healthy tissue.

5. Bone surgery to repair any damage to the bones surrounding the teeth.

How to prevent gum disease

1. Daily teeth cleaning: Teeth should be brushed carefully with a soft brush twice a day, for two minutes each time and make sure to clean the back, front, upper and lower surfaces of the teeth.

2. Using dental floss: Dental floss helps remove residue and deposits that may accumulate between the teeth and along the gum line, and it is recommended to use it daily.

3. Use mouthwash: Antibacterial mouthwash can be used to help reduce the growth of harmful bacteria in the mouth, thus reducing the risk of gum disease.

4. Avoid smoking: Smoking is a major risk factor for gum disease and deteriorating oral health in general, so you should avoid smoking and get rid of this harmful habit.

5. Keeping the tongue clean: A tongue comb can be used to clean the tongue on a daily basis to remove bacteria and fungi that may accumulate on it.

6. Nutrition control: You must be careful to eat foods rich in vitamins and minerals that help promote gum health, and reduce the intake of foods rich in sugars and starches that increase the risk of plaque formation and the development of gum disease.

7. Visit the dentist regularly: It is recommended to visit the dentist for regular examination and professional cleaning regularly, as the doctor can provide the necessary advice and guidance to effectively care for the mouth and gums.

Ultimately, prevention and daily oral care are vital to maintaining healthy gums and teeth, as by following simple tips such as brushing your teeth, flossing, keeping your tongue clean, and visiting your dentist regularly, you can reduce your risk of gum disease and maintain a healthy, beautiful smile, so, let's make oral care an integral part of our


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