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Tooth calcification symptoms, prevention and treatment methods

Tooth calcification
Tooth calcification

Dental calcification is defined by doctors as the accumulation of calcium on the tooth enamel and gums, and it is a natural phenomenon that occurs with age.

In this article, we will be keen to provide a comprehensive guide to everything related to this phenomenon, what are the ways to treat it, and how it can be prevented.

Know about tooth calcification

Dental calcification is a natural process that occurs when calcium and phosphorus deposit in tooth tissue, causing it to harden and form a mineral layer called tartar, as calcification is a common and natural phenomenon that usually occurs with age, but may also occur as a result of other factors such as changes in nutrition or oral care

Degrees of tooth calcification range from mild to severe, and may appear in the form of small white spots on the surface of the teeth, or it may be a thick layer that completely covers the tooth surfaces, as severe calcification may lead to the formation of hard deposits that may be difficult to clean, increasing the possibility of gingivitis and tooth decay.

Symptoms of tooth calcification

There are no obvious symptoms of tooth calcification in the early stages. However, tooth calcification can cause some symptoms when it becomes severe and among the symptoms that may appear when teeth are calcified:

  • Sensitivity to heat and cold: Calcified teeth may become more sensitive to heat and cold as a result of the erosion of the outer layer of the teeth, leading to a feeling of pain or sensitivity when eating hot or cold food.

  • Teeth discoloration: Calcified teeth can change color to yellow or brown as a result of the deposition of minerals and pigments on them.

  • Tartar formation: Tartar may accumulate on the surface of the teeth and form a hard layer called calculus, which can lead to problems in cleaning and maintaining oral hygiene.

  • Tooth erosion: In severe cases, tooth calcification can erode the outer layer of teeth (enamel), causing cavities or holes to form in the teeth and increasing the possibility of tooth decay.

  • Gingivitis: Tooth calcification may lead to the accumulation of tartar around the gums, which increases the possibility of gingivitis, bleeding, and other oral infections.

  • Difficulty chewing: Chewing may become more difficult in severe cases of dental calcification due to changes in the shape and structure of the teeth.

  • Causes of dental calcification

  • Causes of tooth calcification can occur as a result of multiple factors, including:

  • Unhealthy nutrition: High levels of calcium and phosphorus in the diet can increase the likelihood of them being deposited on the surface of the teeth and thus contributing to calcification.

  • Lack of oral care: Not performing daily oral care properly, such as not cleaning periodically and using medical floss to clean between the teeth, can lead to the accumulation of plaque and calcareous deposits being the main cause of calcification.

  • Chemical bleaching: Some chemical bleaching processes used to whiten teeth can cause excessive calcification

  • Genetic factors: Some forms of dental calcification may be linked to genetic factors, as there can be an inheritance of reduced activity of enzymes responsible for regulating the deposition of minerals on the surface of the teeth.

  • Hormonal changes: Calcification may result from hormonal changes, such as those that occur during pregnancy or aging

  • Thyroid disorders: Certain disorders of thyroid function can increase the likelihood of calcification

How can dental calcification be treated?

Treatment of dental calcification depends on the degree of severity and symptoms experienced by the patient. In mild cases, treatment may be simple and the patient may be instructed to follow good oral care procedures to prevent the problem from getting worse and in more advanced cases, treatment may require more invasive procedures and here are some steps you can take:

  • Teeth cleaning at the dentist: The dentist can perform periodic cleaning of the teeth using specialized tools to remove calcareous deposits and plaque.

  • Tartar removal: In severe cases, treatment for dental tartar may require tartar removal by a dentist using advanced techniques such as deep subgingival cleaning or periodontal therapy.

  • Laser treatment: Laser techniques can be used to treat dental calcification to precisely remove lime deposits without causing harm to the surrounding natural tissue.

  • Chemical bleaching: In cases of tooth discoloration due to calcification, chemical bleaching treatments can be used to restore their natural color.

  • Fillings: In cases of tooth erosion, your dentist may place cosmetic fillings or composites to repair damaged teeth and restore their form and function.

  • Root canal treatment: There are some cases of calcification that lead to root problems, as root canal treatment may be necessary to treat infections and decay and restore damaged roots.

Here we have reached the conclusion of our article in which we talked about tooth calcification, what are its symptoms, what are its causes, and how can it be avoided, as always remember that the doctors at Miracle Clinic conduct a study of the medical condition and provide the best and most appropriate treatment for the patient to recover within a short period.

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