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Understanding dental tartar: its causes, signs, and treatment options

Although the aesthetics of a smile plays an important role in self-confidence and social communication, overall oral and dental health is equally important, as dental tartar is one of the common problems that people may face at different stages of their lives, as dental tartar can be susceptible to bacterial build-up and deposit formation on the surface of the teeth, leading to problems such as tooth decay and receding gums, and may also affect overall health such as an increased risk of heart disease and stroke, and in this article, we will comprehensively explore the concept of dental tartar, from the causes of its formation and spread, to the signs to watch for and the options available for its treatment and prevention.

جير الأسنان
جير الأسنان

What is dental tartar?

Dental tartar, also known as dental calculus or tartar, is a hard, rough layer that forms on the surface of the teeth as a result of the accumulation of plaque and minerals. This coating is deposited either on the visible part of the teeth or under the gum line, and appears yellow or brown, as one of the most common areas for tartar accumulation is the back surface of or between the teeth.

Due to its extreme hardness, a person cannot remove tartar simply by brushing the teeth, rather, removing it requires intervention by the doctor using special tools and leaving tartar untreated can negatively affect the health of your gums and teeth

What are the components of dental tartar?

Dental tartar is composed of deposited materials and microorganisms, and there can be a slight difference in the composition of tartar from one person to another based on factors such as his diet, personal habits, and the environment in which he lives.

Dental tartar components generally include:


Minerals that leak from saliva onto the teeth, such as calcium phosphate.

Microorganisms, such as bacteria and yeasts.

Understanding these components and factors in dental tartar formation helps in developing effective strategies to prevent its accumulation and maintain overall oral and dental health.

Causes of dental tartar

Dental tartar forms as a result of lack of attention to oral hygiene, as plaque accumulates on the teeth. Plaque is a thin, clear film composed of a mixture of sugary and starchy food residues, as well as bacteria that live in the mouth, and over time, the layers of plaque harden due to mineral deposits present in saliva, thus turning into dental tartar.

The rate of tartar formation on teeth varies from one individual to another based on several factors such as age, gender, race, and general health condition.

Risk factors that increase the likelihood of tartar developing include:

Not brushing your teeth and using medical floss regularly.

Crowded and overlapping teeth, which makes it difficult to clean them properly.

Failure to regularly visit the dentist for professional examination and cleaning.

Paying attention to oral hygiene and regular visits to the dentist play a crucial role in preventing tartar formation and maintaining overall oral health.

How to treat tartar in teeth 

Dental tartar treatment includes removal by the doctor using specialized tools, where the doctor scales the teeth, polishes them, and scrapes the roots in a professional manner.

The process of removing tartar at the doctor includes a deep cleaning of the teeth, where:

Removing tartar from the visible part of the tooth and below the gum line.

Removing tartar from deep pockets around the teeth.

Scraping and softening the tooth roots.

In addition to effective tartar treatment, a person with tartar should continue to brush and floss regularly and the doctor may also recommend certain types of toothpastes to use for brushing your teeth.

It is worth noting that dental tartar cannot be removed at home, as it is a solid substance stuck to the teeth, as trying to remove it incorrectly may lead to damage to the teeth without achieving the desired result, so the person must turn to a doctor to remove dental calculus in a safe and effective way.

How can dental tartar be prevented? 

The most important way to prevent tartar formation is to take good care of oral and dental hygiene, in addition to maintaining general health and the ways to prevent dental tartar include:

Brushing your teeth regularly: It is recommended to brush your teeth for two minutes twice a day using a toothpaste containing fluoride and a soft toothbrush and care must be taken to reach every area of ​​the teeth and clean them well and an electric toothbrush can be used because of its effectiveness in removing plaque.

Use dental floss on a daily basis: It is recommended to use dental floss on a daily basis to remove food debris stuck between the teeth that the toothbrush cannot reach.

Use mouthwash: Mouthwash that contains fluoride can be used after eating to help prevent tartar formation.

Abstaining from smoking: Smoking should be avoided because it increases the chances of tartar formation and gingivitis.

Follow a healthy diet: You must follow a healthy diet and eat balanced meals, reduce the intake of sugars and starches, and be sure to drink plenty of water.

Visit the doctor regularly: You should visit the doctor for dental cleanings and routine checkups every 6 months to help maintain oral and dental health.

These preventive measures require commitment and regularity to ensure obtaining their full benefits in preventing tartar formation and maintaining overall oral and dental health.

In short, tartar is a common problem that can be avoided by adhering to proper oral hygiene habits and following a healthy diet, in addition to making sure to visit the dentist regularly and prevention always remains the best option to maintain healthy teeth and gums, and avoid problems related to dental calculus and therefore, everyone is encouraged to follow the instructions provided to prevent tartar and always enjoy a healthy and beautiful smile.

Miracle Clinic Center, located in Turkey, offers you:

Comprehensive cosmetic dental procedures including Hollywood smile, dental implants, veneers, and laser teeth whitening.

Various types of obesity surgeries and stomach botox performed by top experts.

Utilization of cutting-edge techniques for hair transplantation.

We accompany the patient from their arrival in Turkey from the airport until their hotel stay, providing them with the best services for a comfortable health retreat during their treatment.

For a free medical consultation, you can directly contact us via the phone number or WhatsApp button available on the website.

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