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Mouth ulcers: symptoms, causes, and how to deal with them

Mouth ulcers are a common phenomenon that many people may encounter at different times in their lives, as these lesions are characterized by the appearance of small, painful lesions inside the mouth, which may cause discomfort and negatively impact the quality of daily life. Mouth ulcers can appear due to several factors, such as nutritional irritations, stress, hormonal changes, immune diseases, and minor injuries. In this article, we will explore the details of this phenomenon, including possible causes, symptoms, and available treatments.



What are mouth ulcers?

Mouth ulcers represent a type of erosion that may affect the tissues lining the mouth, as they usually appear as white or red circular spots in specific areas inside the mouth.

Although in most cases mouth ulcers are not considered a serious condition and often disappear without the need for treatment within 10 days, they may cause discomfort and pain in the affected person.



تقرحات الفم
تقرحات الفم

Causes of mouth ulcers


  • Hormonal changes, such as changes that occur in a woman’s body during pregnancy.

  • Quit smoking, as some people may experience mouth ulcers when they begin to quit smoking.

  • There is a defect in the dental care routine, such as cleaning the gums and teeth vigorously, and using inappropriate toothpaste.

  • Bad psychological state and constant feeling of tension, anxiety and fatigue.

  • Genes and heredity

  • Dental problems or medical treatments that some people may undergo, such as the presence of a tooth with sharp edges inside the mouth or dental implants that do not fit the tooth measurements.

  •  Taking some types of medications or undergoing certain treatments, including some types of pain relievers, beta blockers, some types of antibiotics, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and some types of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

  • Poor diet

  • Exposure of the teeth or jaws to injury or injury that may be caused by things, such as undergoing some dental procedures, accidentally biting the inside of the cheeks or tongue while chewing or talking, the presence of foreign objects in the mouth such as braces or dentures, and exposure to a burn inside the mouth, such as resulting burns when consuming hot food or drinks.

  • Viral diseases such as herpes and hand, foot and mouth disease, diseases resulting from fungi such as candidiasis, sexually transmitted diseases, diseases that cause a weakened immune system such as AIDS and diabetes, and autoimmune diseases such as lupus, Behçet’s disease and pemphigus, in addition to some digestive system diseases and cancer such as Laryngeal cancer, oral cancer, infections of the mouth and gums, oral thrush, and oral lichen planus.



How to treat mouth ulcers


Treatment methods for mouth ulcers depend on their cause and severity. In cases of simple mouth ulcers, self-treatment can be done at home using anti-inflammatory substances and medicinal rinses and in cases where mouth ulcers are severe or recurrent, it may be necessary to consult a dentist or doctor to provide appropriate treatment, as doctors may prescribe antibiotics to treat mouth ulcers caused by bacterial infections, or antivirals to reduce the activity of viruses that cause viral mouth ulcers, such as herpes.

The patient may be recommended to apply topical creams or gels to relieve pain and speed up the healing process, and to use mouthwashes containing anti-inflammatory substances to help soothe irritation and reduce pain.

Care should be taken to maintain good oral hygiene by gently brushing your teeth twice a day and using dental floss regularly to reduce the accumulation of plaque and tartar.



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For a free medical consultation, you can directly contact us via the phone number or WhatsApp button available on the website.


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