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Understanding the phenomenon of white gums: its causes and treatment

The problem of white gums emerges as one of the important challenges that threaten oral and dental health due to its important role in the mouth, which is not only limited to supporting teeth, but also plays an essential role in maintaining oral health and preventing chronic diseases. Since dental health is on the list of health concerns for many, however, the sudden appearance of white gums raises concern and indicates the presence of a health problem that may require immediate medical intervention and in this article, we will explore the factors behind the formation of white gums, their possible causes, and the available treatments for this condition, in order to educate readers about the importance of oral care and prevention of possible gum problems.

What are white gums?

White gums is a condition in which white appears on the gums instead of the normal pink color and this condition can appear in a specific part of the gums or extend to all parts of the mouth, as white gums can have several possible causes, including gum infections, injuries, oral dryness, infections, and some skin diseases and people who suffer from the appearance of white gums should consult a dentist to accurately diagnose the condition and determine the appropriate treatment, as not treating it may lead to aggravation of the problem and the occurrence of health complications.

white gums
white gums

Causes of white gums

White gums may be caused by several different reasons, including:

Gingivitis (gingivitis): Gingivitis can cause changes in the color of the gums, which may become whiter as a result of swelling and irritation.

Iron deficiency anemia (anemia): Iron deficiency in the body can cause gums to appear abnormally white.

Fungal infection: A fungal infection in the mouth, such as thrush (stomatitis), can cause white gums to appear.

Chemical peeling: Some chemical products used for whitening or oral care can cause gum irritation and white discoloration.

Injury or surgery: Injuries or surgeries in the mouth may lead to changes in gum color, which may include the appearance of white gums.

Smoking: Smoking can cause gum irritation and change its color to white or grey.

Skin diseases: Some skin diseases, such as vitiligo, can affect the color of the gums and cause white gums to appear.

Symptoms of white gums

Gum color change: The individual notices a change in the color of the gums, as they become whiter than the normal color.

Swelling and irritation: Your gums may be swollen and irritated, causing pain and discomfort.

Itching: The affected person may feel itching in the affected gums.

Bleeding: Damaged gums may bleed easily when brushing or using a toothbrush.

Abnormal discharge: In some cases, you may notice unusual discharge coming from the affected gums.

Pain: A person may feel pain or sensitivity in the affected gums.

Bad odor: In some cases, a person may notice an unpleasant odor emanating from the affected gums as a result of irritation or infection.

Complications of white gums

Infection with white gums may lead to several complications if not treated properly and among these complications are:

Worsening of gum infections: The accumulation of bacteria and germs in damaged gums may worsen gum infections, causing increased pain and discomfort.

Tooth loss: If white gums and accompanying gum infections are not treated, it may lead to tooth loss as a result of the destruction of the tissue surrounding the teeth.

Gingival pocket inflammation (Periimplantitis): If a person experiences white gums after a dental implant procedure, this may lead to gingival pocket inflammation also known as Periimplantitis, which is a serious condition that can lead to the loss of the implant.

Spread of infection: If a fungal or bacterial infection is present, the infection may spread to other areas of the mouth or body, increasing the risk of other health problems.

Impact on public health: White gums may be a sign of general health problems such as anemia or skin diseases, which if not treated properly may negatively affect public health.

Steps to treat white gums

Improve oral and dental care: Initial treatment may be improved oral care, including regular tooth brushing and daily flossing to reduce gum buildup.

Visit the dentist: A person suffering from white gums should visit the dentist to evaluate the condition and determine the exact cause and the appropriate treatment plan.

Use of medications: Your dentist may recommend taking antifungal medications if a fungal infection is the cause of your white gums.

Surgery: In some cases, treating white gums may require a surgical procedure to remove damaged tissue or treat severe irritation.

Changing harmful habits: If smoking or using teeth whitening products are the cause of white gums, treatment may include stopping these harmful habits.

Treating associated conditions: If there are associated conditions such as anemia or skin diseases, treatment may require medication or medical treatment for the underlying condition.

Miracle Clinic Center, located in Turkey, offers you:

Comprehensive cosmetic dental procedures including Hollywood smile, dental implants, veneers, and laser teeth whitening.

Various types of obesity surgeries and stomach botox performed by top experts.

Utilization of cutting-edge techniques for hair transplantation.

We accompany the patient from their arrival in Turkey from the airport until their hotel stay, providing them with the best services for a comfortable health retreat during their treatment.

For a free medical consultation, you can directly contact us via the phone number or WhatsApp button available on the website.

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